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ldu iQ;% zlduh .ek muKla fkdfõZ
ldu iQ;% .ek Tn fkdo;a lreKq /ila

jd;aiHdhkhka úiska l%sia;= mQ¾j 400 iy 200 w;r ld,fha rÑ; njg úYajdi flfrk ldu iQ;% ixialD; .%ka:h ,sheù we;af;a iïmQ¾Kfhkau ,sx.sl myi iy wkqrd.S fma%uh iïnkaOfhka muKla nj Tn is;kjdo@

yskaÿ O¾uh iy ixialD;sh w,,d fmd;a yhla rpkd l< Ñldf.da úYaj úoHd,fha weußldkq cd;sl uydpd¾h fjkaä fvdks.¾ úiska rÑ; zfuh¾ia g%emaZ .%ka:h fï ms<sn| kj l:sldjlg uq, mqrd ;sfí'

ixialD; niska fl!á,H úiska rÑ; w¾:Ydia;%h iy jd;aiHdhkhka úiska rÑ; ldu iQ;% uq,a lD;s w;r iudk;d y÷kd .ekSug weh ish .%ka:fhka W;aidy lrkakSh'


uydpd¾h fjkaä fvdks.¾ úiska rpkd l< fuu lD;sh iïnkaOfhka wdkafoda,khla u;= jQ w;r yskaÿ O¾ufha w;S;h iy ixialD;sh fjkia lsÍug W;aidy l< njg wehg fpdaokd t,a, úh'

bka wk;=rej m%Yakh wêlrKh olajd we§ .sfhah'

bkaÈhdfõ zfuh¾ia g%emaZ m%ldYhg m;a fldg fj<|fmd<g ksl=;a l< zfmka.=úka bkaÈhdZ fmd;a iud.u úiska .%ka:h uqo%Kh lsÍu kj;d oeuQ w;r fj<|fmdf<ka ish fmd;a f;d.h bj;a lr .ekSug ;SrKh lrk ,§'

zjerÈ ks¾jpkhlaZ

îîiS jd¾;dlßKs Y%S rEmd ñ;%d iu. isÿ lrk ,o l;d nyl§ uydpd¾h fjkaä fvdks.¾ ^Wendy Doniger& lshd isáfha bkaÈhdfõ ldu iQ;% .%ka:h yqfola fj<|fmd< b,lal imqrd .ekSfï woyiska ,sx.sl myi ,eìh yels úúO wdldr wvx.= mqrdjD;a;hla jYfhka m%p,s; fldg we;s njhs'

ldu iQ;% yqfola lduh iïnkaOfhka flfrk ú.%yhla fkdj ldka;djkag f.!rj l< hq;= nj" l=, l%uh m%;slafIam lsÍu" iu ,sx.sl iïnkaO;d j,g iudk ie,ls,s ,nd §u jeks b;d jeo.;a lreKq wka;¾.; jákd .%ka:hla njhs weh jeäÿrg;a woyia olajñka lshd isáfha'

fuh¾ia g%ema ^The Mare’s Trap& .%ka:h rpkd l< fjkaä fvdks.¾
ixialD; niska ,shejqk ldu iQ;% uq,a lD;sh m<uq jrg ßp¾â *%ekaisia n¾gka ^Richard Francis Burton& úiska 1883 § bx.%Sis nig mßj¾;kh l< w;r miqj ldu iQ;% lD;sh iïnkaOfhka ,shejqk fndfyda .%ka: mdol lr .kq ,enqfõ Tyqf.a mßj¾;khhs'

ldu iQ;% uq,a lD;sfha wvx.= ldka;djkag f.!rj lsÍu iy ldka;d whs;sjdislï iïnkaOfhka ,shejqk we;eï fldgia n¾gkaf.a mßj¾;kfha wka;¾.; fkdjQ nj uydpd¾h fjkaä fvdks.¾ mjikakSh'

ixialD;sh iy wd.ï iïnkaOfhka ñksia uki l%shd lrk wdldrh úYaf,aIKfha fhfok bkaÈhdfõ iqm%lg ufkda úYaf,aIl iqë¾ ldld¾ iu. tl;=j fjkaä fvdks.¾ úiska 2002 jif¾ § ldu iQ;% uq,a .%ka:h kej;;a bx.%Sis nig mßj¾;kh l< w;r tys§ uq,a lD;sfha wvx.= ishÆ lreKq we;=<;a lsÍug;a tys ldka;djka fjkqfjka ,shejqk fldgia bÈßm;a lsÍug;a weh W;aidy l<dh'

iu ,sx.sl iïnkaO;d


image credit BBC
ldu iQ;% uq,a lD;sfha iu ,sx.sl iïnkaO;d iy mqreIhka w;r we;sjk ,sx.sl l%shdldrlï iïnkaO ishÆu f;dr;=re n¾gkaf.a mßj¾;kfha § bj;a lr we;s nj fï W;aidyfha § fy<s jQ m%Odk lreKla'

zfuh¾ia g%emaZ kj lD;sh w¾:Ydia;%h iy ldu iQ;% uq,a lD;s j, iudk;d ixikaokh lsÍu uq,a lr f.k ,shd we;s nj mjik fjkaä fvdks.¾ fj; m%Yakhla fhduq l< îîiS jd¾;dlßKs Y%S rEmd ñ;%d wehf.ka úuiqfõ fï lD;s fofla iudk lï fidhd hdfï ld¾hhg fhduq jqfha flfiao hkakhs'

merKs bka§h ixialD;sh ;=, msßñhl=f.a ld¾h Ndrh tkï wdodhï bmhSu" wd.u weoySu iy wd.u me;sÍu" wOHdmkh" j¾.hd fnda lsÍu" ,sx.sl iïnkaO;d j, wêldßh mj;ajd f.k hdu jeks ixialD;sl bka§h msßñhd iy Tyqf.a ld¾h úuid n,k mdGud,djla wOHhkh lsÍug ;ud fhduq jQ nj mjik l;=jßh" tu wOHkh mdol lr.;a lD;Ska wOHkhg fhduq jQ nj thg ms<s;=re foñka lshd isáhdh'

tys§ w¾:Ydia;%h" ukqiauD;s iy ldu iQ;% hk .%ka:hkays uq,a msgm;a wOHkhg fhduq jQ w;r w¾:Ydia;%h iy ldu iQ;% uq,a lD;s w;r fndfyda iudklï ÿgq nj weh jeä ÿrg;a i|yka l<dh'

Image Credit | BBC
j¾;udkfha yskaÿ wd.ñl .%ka: iy bkaÈhdkqjka woyk yskaÿ wd.u ;=, ,sx.sl ixi¾.h" lduh iy wkqrd.h biau;= lsÍu fyda ta ms<sn| l;d lsÍu m%;slafIam lrk jgmsgdjla mej;sh;a b;d wE; w;S;fha ,shjqkq yskaÿ lD;Skays tjeks ud;Dld újD;j l;dnia flreKq nj úYajdi l< yelso hkak l;=jßhg fhduq flreKq ;j;a m%Yakhla'

ks¾udKd;aul l¾;jHhla

merKs yskaÿ fõo .%ka: j, ,sx.sl ixi¾.h iïnkaOfhka iqNjd§ woyia m< jk w;r th ks¾udKd;aul l¾;jHhla jYfhka y÷kajd we;s nj mjik fjkaä fvdks.¾ jeä ÿrg;a lshd isáfha foaj;ajfha ,d ie,flk rdOd l%sIaKd fmï hqj< iïnkaOfhka wkqrd.S isÿùï úia;r flfrk yskaÿ .%ka:" merKs .S;" Tjqka fofokdf.a wkqrd.S fma%uh ixfla;j;a lrk pdß;% iy yskaÿ fldaú,a j, ;ju;a mj;sk uQ¾;s" Ñ;% mjd wkka;j;a mj;sk njhs'

Image Credit | BBC - AFC
n%s;dkH úiska bkaÈhdj wdl%uKh lsÍu;a iu. rg mqrd me;sÍug mgka .;a úlafgdaßhka .;dkq.;sl ixjD; ixialD;sfha ,laIK j,g wkqj¾;kh ùug mgka .ekSu;a iu. b;d idr.¾N ixialD;shla iy ,sx.sl;ajh iïnkaOfhka mq¿,a o¾Ykhla iys; yskaÿ idys;H iy yskaÿ fõo mej;s bkaÈhdj fjkia jkakg mgka .;a njhs weh mjikafka'

,sx.sl;ajh" lduh" wkqrd.h jeks ud;Dld ms<sn| ,shejqk .%ka: hgm;a jQ w;r §¾> ld,Sk iudcuh fjki bÈßfha tjka ks¾udK ish ixialD;sfha" wd.fï fldgila f,i ms<s.ekSug ue,s fjñka ,eÊcdfjka m%;slafIam lsÍu olajd jHdma; jQ nj;a fjkaä fvdks.¾ fmkajd fokakSh'

tf,i hgm;a fjñka mj;sk idrj;a ixialD;sh" idys;H" iy l,dj iïnkaOfhka lsisjl= y~ fkdk.kafka kï tjeks yskaÿ fõo mej;s nj Tmamq lsÍug lsisjl= igka fkdlrkafka kï ta jákd Wreuhka ioygu ñh hkq we;s nj fjkaä fvdks.¾ jeäÿrg;a lshd isáhdh'

Source | BBC News

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