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f,dj úI wêl u m,;=r wem,a nj Tn okakjd o@
wem,a .ek fkdo;a Tn uú; jk lreKq

Tn;a zf*dßka fïkshdZ fjka fmf<kafkla o@ Tn iy Tfí mjqf,a Woúh jeämqr i,lkafka Tfí ksjig wem,a u,a,la wrka tk {d;shdg o@ ke;s kï mefmd,a f.ähla wrka tk {d;shdg o@ wfma rfÜ we;a;kaf.a fmdaIKh by< kxjd,Su ms<sn| j l:d lrk" Wkkaÿfjk fndfyda fofkl= fkd ;lk" fkd olsk iudc úoHd;aul uyd ndOlh ^Great barrier& yuqjkafka fu;ek § h' zmsgráka f.fkkd yeu fohla u Wiia h'''' .=Kodhl h''” hk uQG wdl,amh wfma rfÜ w;s nyq;rhlf.a isf;a ;Èka me,mÈhï ù we;s ldrKdjls' zf*dßka nvqjlaZ" zbïfmdagÙ whsgï tllaZ jeks jpk yryd m%ldY flfrkafka thhs' ck ú[a[dKfha .eUqßka u ;eïm;aj we;s fuu w÷re" /já<sldr wdl,am b;du;a ´kElulska uld fkd oeïfud;a" wfma rfÜ ñksiqkaf.a fmdaIKh yd fi!LH ;;a;ajh wdrlaId lsÍu ,dxlSh fi!LH fiajd moaO;shg f,fyis myiq fkd fjkq we;' mdka msáj,g wm fï ;rï we,S.e,S isákafka" tys ,dlaIKsl m%;Hia: yd wef,k iq¿ .=Kh ksid u fkd fõ' tajd msgráka wmg f.kajk ksid h' msgráka wd wuq;= wuq;= kï we;s iqmsß wjkay,a" fj<|i,a iy fydag,a y;= msfmkakdla fuka ìys fjkafka tajd ;=< we;af;a zf*dßkaZ lEu ksid h' z*%hsâ rhsiaZ fldhs ;rï kï fi!LHhg wys;lr o hkak oek isáh;a" ñksiqka tajd .s, oeóug .scq ù we;af;a" tajd Ök" ;dhs lEu ksid h' .fï-f.dfå" fjf,a" ,kafoa ;K W,d lk t<fokf.a lsß fkd î" Èhjeähdjg" mshhqre ms<sldjg" .eyekq <uqka wvq jhiska u,ajr jkakg o fya;= úh yels fydafudak" m%;sÔjl" lDñkdYl" fu,uhska wdÈ tlS fkd lS ridhksl o%jHj,ska ¥Is;j ;sfnkd lsßmsá fndkafka tajd zf*dßka lsßZ ksid h' .fï yefok wU f.äh" fodvï f.äh" mefmd,a f.äh l=Kq fj,d hoa§" wjqreÿ .Kka mrK" kuq;a mrK fkd ùu msKsi úI ridhk j¾. fh¥" wem,a" ñÈ" fodvï ñksiqka" wdorhg ;u orejkag fokak f.or f.kshkafka" tajd tx.,kaf;a" ´iafÜ%,shdfõ yefok ñÈ" wem,a lshd ys;df.k uyd wdvïnrldÍ ye`.Sfuka h' tfy;a fï fndfyda wdydr ;=< we;af;a" ñksia fi!LHhg b;du;a wys;lr y,dy, jiúi nj" f,dalhd oek isáh;a ;ju;a wfma rfÜ fndfyda fofkl= tajdfha we;s wys;lr nj yß yeá okafka ke;'

úI fmdjd jjk m,;=rla

fuhg l,lg fmr fmardfoKsh úYajúoHd,fha me<Eá ixrlaIK tallfha uydpd¾h fca' tï' wd¾' tia' nxvdr uy;d" wdkhksl ñÈ iy wem,a ms<sn| j ;uka úiska l< m¾fhaIKhl § ñksia fi!LHg wys;lr nerf,day iy m<sfndaO kdYlj, wjfYaI fldgia 47la muK tys wka;¾.;j ;sî fidhd .;a nj t;=ud wm yuqfõ fy<s lf<a h' wdkhksl m<sfndaOkdYl yd ridhksl fmdfydr yryd leÙñhï jeks úI ner f,day furgg meñfKk njg ;uka úiska l< m¾fhaIKhl § ;yjqre jQ njg m<uqj m%ldY lf<a o t;=ud h' flfia fj;;a wfma rfÜ we;a;ka mjik lsisjla ms<sfkd.ekSug;a" tajd wj{dfõ flúfgka ;,d ùis lr oeóug;a olajk zWmkaf.hs reÑl;ajhZ ksidfjka" iqÿ cd;sl úoHd{hska u lshk" wm úiska iqÿ hehs is;df.k bkak zr;= wem,a f.äfhaZ fYdapkSh zl¿ l:djZ fu;eka isg wms úuid n,uq' uyck fi!LH iïnkaOfhka C%shd;aul jk m%lg m¾fhaIK mokula jk Environmental Working Group ^EWG& úiska iEu jirl § u hqfrdamd fj<|fmdf<a úls”ug ;sfnk m,;=re yd t<j¿j, we;s ji úi ms<sn| j fidhd ne,Sula isÿ lrkq ,nhs' ta wkqj Tjqka úiska ¥Is;u t<j¿ yd m,;=re j¾. 12 f;darkq ,efí ^Dirty dozen&' iqmqreÿ mßÈ u fuu jif¾;a tu ,ehsia;=fõ wxl tlg m;a jkakg zwem,aZ iu;a ù we;' tu wdh;kh úiska m¾fhaIKhg ,la l< wem,aj,ska 92]la muK ukqIH mßfNdackhg kqiqÿiq uÜgulska" úúO m<sfndaOkdYl fYaI fldgia iy ydkslr ner f,day j¾.j,ska ¥Is; ù ;snqKq nj fy<s ù we;' ta iEu wem,a f.ähl u ydkslr ridhksl o%jHhka 56laj;a wka;¾.; j ;snqKq nj jeäÿrg;a tu jd¾:djkaf.a oelafõ' tfy;a wem,a j.dlrejkaf.a iy jHdmdßlhkaf.a fvd,¾" mjqïj,g lg wßk ;j;a úfYaI{hska hehs lshd.;a msßila ^Wod - Y%S ,dxlSh Bkshd udkj ysñlï iq/lSfï ixúOdk& úiska EWG wdh;kh iy fjk;a m¾fhaIK rdYshlska fmkajd § we;s f;dr;=re wNsfhda.hg ,lalrñka idjoH f;dr;=re ck;dj w;r m%pdrKh lrñka isà' tfy;a m¾fhaIlhka wjOdrKh lrkafka fuu wem,a ks;r wkqNjh" ksoka.; frda. rdYshlg u fya;= jkakg ms<sjka fjk nj iy úfYaIfhka l=vd <uqka" .¾Ns” ujqjre iy frda.S" ÿ¾j, Woúh ¥Is; wem,a mßfNdackfhka je<lSu Tjqkaf.a Yßr fi!LHhg ys;lr jkq we;s nj h' tfy;a''' wjdikdjl ;ru ,xldfõ wms ;ju;a fuu wem,a" frda.Ska iy .¾Ns” ujqjreka ne,Sug hdfï § /f.k hkafkuq' flfi,a" mefmd,a" fmar" fk,a,s fkd lk wfma orejkag wms uy;a Wcdrejg wem,a ljkafkuq' wm rfÜ fkd ;snqK o weußldkq mdßißl wdrlaIK tackaish úiska EWG wdydr o%jHj, ;sìh yels tla tla m<sfndaO kdYlfha Wmßu m%udKhka i|yd m%ñ;Ska y÷kajd § we;' kuq;a m¾fhaIlhka wjOdrKh lrkafka" fuu wem,a ;=< we;eï ridhksl o%jHhka EWG úiska wkqu; m%udKhka m%n, f,i blaujd we;s nj h' wfkla w;g wkqu; m%udKhka blaujd fkd ;snqKd hehs is;uq' tfy;a úúO ridhksl o%jHhka mkia .Kkla fjka fjkaj hï wdydrhla u; fyda tajd mßfNdackh lrkq ,nk ñksiqkaf.a YÍr ;=< iajdëkj fkd mj;sk nj ksiel h' tajd w;r isÿjk ixlS¾K wka;¾ C%shdjka rdYshla fya;= fldgf.k we;eï úg wkfmalaIs; Nhdkl fi!LH .eg¨ we;s úh yels nj wm wu;l fkd l< hq;= h'

.fya ;sfnkjdg jvd jeä ld,hla lfâ ;sfnkafka fldfydu o@

u,a jHdmdrfha § u,a b;s yd u,a fmdfydÜgq úh<Su yd ye<Su kj;d iÔú ;;a;ajfhka ^f*%Ia .;sfhka& jeä ld,hla ;nd .ekSug jdKscuh jYfhka Ndú; lrkqfha is,aj¾ khsfÜ%Ü kï jQ o%djkhls' jdKscuh jYfhka is,aj¾ khsfÜ%Ü idodkq ,nkafka ;kql khsg%sla wï,h ;=< is,aj¾ f,dayh Èh lsÍfuks' fuu o%djKh u;=msg ;ejÍu ydkslr fkd jQj;a YÍr.; ùu fnfyúka u ydkslr njhs mejfikafka' flfia fj;;a" fuu o%djKh u,a jHdmdrfha § muKla fkd j" t<j¿ iy m,;=re jHdmdrh ;=< o iq,N j Ndú;hg .efkk nj ,xldfõ wm oek fkd isáh o th f,dal m%isoaO ryils' tneúka mrjqKq" l=Kq jQ wem,a fyda msgráka f.kajkq ,nk weg ke;s kdrx fyda ñÈ wmg lsis Èkl oel .kakg fkd ,efnKq we;' is,aj¾ khsfÜ%Ü m,;=re u;g fh§fuka iy m,;=re ;=<g tkak;a lsÍfuka" ^wem,a f.äfha w,jd we;s iaálrh .,jd ne¨ úg fuu tkak;a l< ia:dkh oel .ekSug Tng ms<sjk'& m,;=re iajdNdúlj b§fï C%shdj,shg fya;=jk t;s,Ska ksIamdokh ùu ksfIaOkh ^inhibit& flfrkq we;' túg m,;=re §¾> ld,hla kejqï j iy iÔùj ;nd .ekSug ms<sjka jkq we;'

flfia fj;;a is,aj¾ khsfÜ%Ü ld,hla ;siafia YÍr.; ùfuka" iakdhQ wdndO" fud<hg isÿjk ydkslr ;;a;ajhka" ms<sld jeks frda.dndO rdYshlg u bjy,ajk njhs úoHd{hka m%ldY lrkafka'

tf;r § is,aj¾ - fuf;r § f*dau,ska

,xldfõ m,;=re wf,ú lrkakka" ks;r ks;r ;u m,;=re u;g hï o%djKhla biskq ,nk nj Tn ksÍlaIKh lr we;s' fï kï msßisÿ we,a j;=r hehs Tn o is;kakg we;' tfy;a 99]la u wjia:djka ys § wjdikdjlg Tjqka fï biskq ,nkafka c,fha Èh lr .;a f*dau,Ska o%djKhls' iqoaod is,aj¾ khsfÜ%Ü fhdod udi .Kkdjla l,a ;nd .;a wem,a" l¿ iqoaod úiska u< ñkS tïndï lsÍug Ndú; flfrk f*dau,ska Ndú; lr ;j wjqreoaola muK hi wmQrejg l,a ;nd .kq ,nhs' wfma lÜáh f*dau,Ska Ndú; lrkafka m,;=rej,g muKla fkd fõ' meh 12ka iajdNdúlj ólsß uqoùfï C%shdj,sh meh 4ka lD;s%u j lr .ekSu i|yd o th nyq,j Ndú; flf¾' tfia u we;eï l+g jHdmdßlhka úiska f*dau,ska Ndú; lr lrj," ud¿ jeks wdydr j¾.;a l,a ;nd .kakd nj fy<s ù we;'

úI .e,ajQ wem,a ojgkh

wem,a jeks m,;=re T;d we;s újr iys; zRðf*daïZ ojgk ilia lr we;af;a m,;=re" È,Sr yd nelaàßhd wdidokj,ska fírd .ekSug yels m%n, m<sfndaO kdYl j¾. tajd u; .e,aùfuks' fï i|yd ;ykï m<sfndaO kdYl j¾.hla jk ;srdï ^Thiram& iy wdiksla wvx.= È<sr kdYl Ndú; flfrk nj o fidhdf.k we;' fuu ydkslr lghq;a; iq,N jYfhka isÿ flfrkafka Ökh ;=< jk w;r" j¾;udkfha § f,dj m%uqLu wem,a fjf<kaod jkafka o Ökhhs' fuu úI iys; ojgk ms<sn| Ökfhka wem,a f.kajkq ,nk úhÜkduh jeks rgj,a mjd mÍlaIK isÿ lrñka ksrka;r wjOdkfhka miq fj;;a" wfma rfÜ tjekakla ms<sn| j ydxlúishlaj;a fkdue;'

bá .E wem,a

m,;=re l,a ;nd .ekSu i|yd isÿ lrkq ,nk ;j;a C%shdjla jkafka" m,;=re u; wdydrhg .; yels bá j¾.hla ;ejÍuhs' fï i|yd nyq, j u Ndú; flfrkqfha zfud¾fmd,SkaZ ^Morpholine& iy zmer*skaZ ^Paraffin& kñka y÷kajkq ,nk bá j¾.hka h' ñka fud¾fmd,Ska ridhkslh ms<sld ldrl ,laIK fmkakqï lrk njg iel lrk neúka" hqfrdamd ix.ufha rgj,a ;=< Ndú; lsÍu ;ykï lr we;' kuq;a wjdikdjlg ,xldjg wem,a f.kajkq ,nk rgj,a jk Ökh" ´iafÜ%,shdj jeks rgj, fuh ;ykï lr fkdue;' mer*ska hkq" fmfÜ%d,shï msßmyÿfõ w;=re M,hls' ixY=oaO mer*ska ydkslr fkdue;s njg ms<s.eKqk;a" we;eï jHdmdßlhska úiska jeä ,dNhla i|yd ;;a;ajfhka nd, mer*ska Ndú; lrk njg fy<s ù we;' fï nd, mer*ska ;=< fnkaiSka" fgd¨ùka jeks ms<sldldrl mjd wka;¾.; úh yels nj fidhdf.k we;'

úfYaI igyk - fuys § wm fyd¢ka u;lfha ;nd .; hq;= ldrKdjla jkafka ,xldjg f.kajkq ,nk m,;=re jkdys f,dj ;;a;ajfhka nd, njg zlkafvïZ jQ tajd nj;a" Wla; m¾fhaIKj,g ,la fldg we;af;a weußldj jeks rgj, wf,ú flfrk ;;a;ajfhka Wiia hehs iïu; m,;=re nj;a h'

jirlg wem,a f.ä fldaá 20la wkqNj lrk rgla

idudkHfhka jirlg wfma rgg msgráka wdkhkh lrkq ,nk m,;=re m%udKh fug%sla fgdka 42"000la muK fõ' bka wem,a muKla ie,l+ úg th" f.äj,ska fldaá 20la muK fõ' rg jglr jrld .ia" fmar .ia" wU .ia" flfi,a .ia ;sfnkd rgl Ôj;a fjk wms" ji úi lkak fï ;rï cd;sl Okhla ldndiskshd lsÍu .ek yd je,msh hq;af;uq' ,eÊcdjg" wmydihg yd Wmydihg ,laúh hq;af;uq'

wem,a jf.a o mefmd,a''''@

wfma rfÜ iajdNdúlj yefok fk,a,s f.äfha" mefmd,a" cukdrx" jrld" ldurx.d" fjr¿" cïfnda, f.äfha ;sfnk ms<sld j<lajk m%;sTlaIsldrl .=Kh o we;=¿ udye`.s fmdaIK .=Khka ms<sn| j fuf,da yirla fkd okakd jQ wfma rfÜ we;a;ka fndfyda fofkl= ;ju;a ys;df.k bkafka wem,a jkdys uyd mqÿudldr .=K lkaordjla we;s m,;=rla f,i h' tfy;a we;a; l;kaorh jkafka mefmd,a f.äfha fmdaIKh wy,lgj;a wem,a f.ähg <x jkakg fkd yels nj h'

oeka Tng jegfykjd we;s' Èklg wem,a f.ähla wkqNj lsÍfuka ffjoHjrhd Tfí ksjig fkd f.kajd isáh yels h’ hk ngysr m%lg lshuk jydu fjkia l< hq;= j we;s nj' Èklg wem,a f.ähla wdydrhg .ekSfuka" Tfí ffjoHjrhd fmdfydi;a fjkq we;’ f,i th fjkia l< hq;= j we;'

úfoaYhkaf.ka f.kajk fndfyda wdydrj, lsis .=Khla fkdue;s nj;a" fuf;lehs lsj fkd yels ;rï .=Khka we;af;a wfma me/kakkaf.a Èú /l ÿka wfma rfÜ iajdNdúl wdydr j¾.j, nj;a" wfma rfÜ we;a;kag mila fjkafka ljod o@ wkak todg" fmdaIK úoHdj" cd;sl wd¾:slh úIhhkays,d uy oejeka; úma,jhla isÿ fjkq fkd wkqudk h' tf;la fï ms<sn| j Wkkaÿjk" ldrKd lghq;= wjfndaOlr .ekSug ;rï isys nqoaêh we;s iyDohkaf.a oek.ekSu msKsi ukqIH;ajfha kdufhka by; ldrKd iaj,amh b;d fifkyiska wl=re l< nj fuys ,d wjikg igyka ;nñ'

wem,a igyk
.euqKq id,sh fmf¾rd
uyck fi!LH mßlaIl - Èh;,dj

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