Loading...
wj;dr .ek jeä fofkla fkdokak uú;h okjk l;d

fyd,auka wj;dr .ek lsõju weÕ ls,s fmd,d hk .;shla Thdkg tkjfka" ta ;rug Thd, tajdg nhhs' b;ska ìhla olajk fï fyd,auka wj;dr .ek Tn fkdokakd uú;h okjk lreKq lsysmhla f.k tkak ;uhs wo yokafka'

iuQy wj;dr

idudkHfhkaa wj;dr iaa:dkh fydaa fõ,dj iïnkaaOfhkaa ;elSulaa fkdlrk njg ie,l=Ko iuQy wj;dr fmkS isákaafkaa Tjqkaaf.aa kñkaau weÕfjk mßÈ msßilaa fydaa ck iuQyhlaa /iaaj isák iaa:dkj,h' fuu wj;dr tf,i ck iuQyhlaa fj;g wdl¾IKh jkaafkaa wehso hkaakg ksYaaÑ; fyaa;=jlaa fy<sù fkd;snqKo taa iïnkaaOfhkaa bÈßm;aaj we;s Wml,aamkhkaa lsysmhls' hï iaa:dkhlskaa ksl=;aa jk Ylaa;s úfYaaIhlg we;sjk wdl¾IKh" msßilaa PdhdrEmhg k.k PdhdrEm Ys,aamshd flfrys we;sjk wdl¾IKh" msßfiaa isák hï tlaa ksYaaÑ; mqoaa.fhl= flfrys we;sjk wdl¾IKh fukaau tf,i iuQy jYfhkaa fmkS isàfï§ myiqfjkaa wjOdkhg ,laa ùug yels ùu hkd§ jYfhkaa fuu Wml,aamk úúOdldrfõ' tfiaau iuQy wj;drj, i;= ;j;aa úfYaaI;aajhlaa jkaafkaa fudjqkaa tljr iuQy jYfhkaa fmkS isàuhs' fuys§ Tjqkaa ñksiaa weig y÷kd .; fkdyels mßÈ úúO úldrrEmS yevj,skaa fmkS isáh yelsh'

i;aaj wj;dr

ñksiaa mjq,aaj, <ne¢ idudðlhskaaj isá i;aaj iqr;¨kaaf.aa wj;dr ms<sn| jd¾;do b;sydifhkaa ´kE;rï fidhd .; yels w;r 1800 jljdkqfõ§ weußldfõ úiQ fcdaakaa fn,aaf.aa mjq,g uqyqK §ug isÿjQ wj;dr iïnkaaO isÿùï ud,dj fkdfyd;aa iqm%lg ‘fn,aa úÉ fyd,aaukaa wìryi’ tjekaakls' N+; l=re,aa,kaa yd tljru fmkS fkdfmkS hk iqkLhkaa tys§ jd¾;dù ;snqKs' fuys§ i;aaj wj;dr iïnkaaOfhkaa jk jeo.;aa lreKlaa jkaafkaa fiiq idudkH wj;dr fukaa fkdj fudjqkaa rej fkdfmkS .kaaOhlaa fydaa we;eï úg Yíohlaao iu. fmkS isàuhs' i;aaj wj;drh y;s,k y~" ìreï y~ yd we;eï úg myqre .dk Yíoho wikaakg ,efnk nj jd¾;d fjhs'

iq<x wj;dr

idudkHfhkaa fyd,aaukaa wj;dr flfrys Wkkaaÿjlaa olaajk msßiaa jqjo iq<x wj;dr ms<sn|j wid fkd;sìug we;s bvlv jeäh' ñksiaa weig fkdfmfkk iq<x wj;dr fndfydaa úg È.= lïì l+rl fydaa iqreÜgqjl yev .ksñkaa ysiaa wjldYfhaa weUfrñkaa mj;sk wdldrfhkaa Èiaa jk w;r taajd tf,i ±l .; yelaaflaa PdhdrEm Tiaafiaa muKlaa ùuo úfYaaI;aajhls' W!IaaK;aajfhaa isÿjk wvqùulaa yryd iq<x wj;dr ;ukaaf.aa wd.ukh ±kqï fok w;r fïjd fndfydaa úg ksfjiaa fydaa f.dvke.s,s jeks ixjD; wjldY ;=< w;aa±lsh yel' taa mokï lr .ksñkaa iq<x wj;dr iïnkaaOfhkaa bÈßm;aaj we;s tlaa Wml,aamkhlaa jkaafkaa taajd tu ksfjiaaj, úiqjkaaf.aa wj;dr úh yels njhs' kuq;aa ;j;aa we;eï N+; úoHd{hskaaf.aa úYaajdih jkaafkaa taajd wj;drj,g Tjqkaaf.aa mßudKj, isg ñksiaa mßudK fj; meñKSug wdOdr jk tlaa;rd udOHhlaa muKlaa njh'

wÔù wj;dr

wÔù wj;dr iïnkaaOfhkaa bÈßm;aa jk fyd|u ksoiqk kï ody;aajk ishjfiaa§ kdúlhskaa w;r NS;sldjlaa njg m;aaj ;snQ w;aa±lSuls' *aa,hskaa vÉukaa keue;s N+; kefõ ixisoaaêhhs' th fl;rï ìhlre w;aa±lSulaa njg m;aaj ;snqfKaao h;aa tu kej olskaakg ,eìu mjd uqyqÿ .uk úkdYh lrd f.k hkq we;s njg ;on, úYaajdihlaa tl, keúhkaa ;=< mej;sKs' flfiaa jqjo wÔù wj;dr keõj,g muKlaa iSud jQjlaa fkdfõ' fudaag¾ r:" ÿïßh tkaaðkaa fukaau we;eï úg leãì£ .sh nvq NdKaavj,go tf,i wj;dr wrlaa .; yel' ish¨u wÔù wj;drj,g ‍fmdÿ jQ tlaa lreKlaa jkaafkaa Tjqkaa yeuúgu mqreoaaolaa f,i tlu iaa:dkhl§" tlu fõ,djl§ jdykhlaa fydaa hd;%djlaa kï tlu ud¾.hlaa Tiaafiaa .ukaa lrk whqßkaa" tkï taajd úkdYhg ,laajQ wjiaa:dj m%;sks¾udKh jk whqßkaa o¾Ykh ùuhs'

oaaú;aaj ldh wj;dr ^fvdm,aa.ekaa.¾&

oaaú;aaj pß; ksrEmKhlaa lrkaafkl= ye¢kaaùug fhdok c¾udkq jpkfhkaa wre;aa .ekaafjk fuu wj;dr i;= iqúfYaaIS yelshdj jkaafkaa tljr ;ekaa foll§ fmkS isàug we;s yelshdjhs' thskq;aa jvd;aau iqúfYaaIS jkaafkaa Ôj;aaj isákaakjqkaaf.aa jqjo rEmldhkaa .ekSug taajdg we;s yelshdjhs' fndfydaa úg tf,i olsk mqoaa.,hd Bg ál fõ,djlg miqj ñh .sh nj ±k .ekSug ,eìuo oaaú;aaj ldh wj;dr iïnkaaOfhkaa w;aa±lSug ,efnk ;j;aa ixisoaaêhls' oaaú;aaj ldh wj;dr iïnkaaOfhkaa we;s ;j;aa úYaajdihlaa jkaafkaa taajd lsishï Åfojdplhl fmrksñ;s njh' ysgmq iqm%lg weußldkq ckm;sjrfhl= jk taan%yï ,skaalkaa yd iqm%lg lúfhl= jk m¾is nhsIs fI,s hk fofokdu ish urKj,g fmr ;ukaaf.aa oaaú;aaj ldh wj;dr ÿgq njg b;sydifhkaa jd¾;dfõ' fï ksidu fïjd Ôj;aa jk mqoaa.,fhl=f.aa ufkdaaldh fydaa ñh .sh mqoaa.,fhl=f.aa wd;aauh njg m< jk u; uq¨ukskaau neyer l< fkdyel'

fldfndaa,aaâ

‍fmdaag¾.hsiaaÜ ^f>daaId k.k wj;dr& fukaau fldfndaa,aaâ wj;dro úfkdaaohg nrh' wjiaa:djg wkqj ñksiqkaag jdisodhl fukaau we;eï úg ydksodhlo úh yels fudjqkaa i;aajfhl= f,i fukaau ;j;aa úgl .skaaor jeks fohlaa f,io fmkS isáh yel' fldfndaa,aaâ wj;dr iïnkaaOfhkaa jk fyd|u ksoiqk fc*aaf.aa l;djhs' fc*aa keue;s uq.áhd fldfndaa,aaâ wj;drhls' if;l= f,i fukaau ;j;aa úgl <orefjl= f,io úúO Yío ksl=;aa l< fc*aaj isheiskaa ±l .ekSug ,enqfKaa 1931 jif¾§ whs,aa T*aa udkaa ys úiQ w¾úkaa mjq‍f,aa ÈhKsh jk fjdhsf¾g muKs' ly meye;s isrerlaa yd f,dñkaa msreKq j,aa.hlaa ;snQ fc*aa" w¾úkaa mjq‍f,aa idudðlhskaa flfrys ñ;%YS,Sj yeisreKq nj lshefõ'

WKymq¨ wj;dr

fudjqkaaf.aa iïNjh frdaaudkq YsIaagdpdrh mej;s iuh olaajd jQ w;S;hlg úysfokaafkls' ydkslr jQ wj;dr úfYaaIhlaa f,i ie,flk fudjqkaa fuf,dj .; l< Ôú;h wld,fhaa wjikaa ùu ksid;aa" mjqf,kaa ksis ie,ls,aa,laa fkd,en ñh hdu ksid;aa ;ukaag ksis f,i wjux.,H pdß;% bgq fkdùu ksid;aa Wmkaa fldaamfhkaa hq;=j fuf,dj ießirk wj;dr úfYaaIhls' WKymq¿fjl= f,i tk Tjqkaaf.aa o¾Ykho lsishï ìysiqKq isÿùul fmr ksñ;aa;laa f,ig ±äj úYaajdi l< w;S; frdaaudkqjkaa fuu WKymq¨ wj;dr fjkqfjkaa mqo mQcd meje;aaùug udihlg Èk lSmhlaa fjkaa fldg ;enqKq nj lshefõ'

ft;sydisl isÿùï m%;sks¾udKh lrk wj;dr

w;S;fhaa isÿjQ isÿùulaa yd ne÷Kq fï wj;dr b;d úr,h' kej; kej;;aa l%shd;aaul jk má.; l< isÿùulaa n÷ fun÷ wj;dr b;sydih kej; kej;;aa isÿ jk wdldrhlaa w;aaú£ug i,iaajhs' fï iïnkaaO fyd|u ksoiqk jkaafkaa 1901 § m%xYfhaa j¾fi,aaiaa kqjr§ ixpdrfhaa fhÿKq pd¾,Ü wEkaa fudn¾,s yd t,sfkd¾ fcdaa¾fâkaag w;aaú£ug ,enqKq isÿùuls' j¾fiaa,aaiaa ghsï iaa,smaa f,i ye¢kaafjk fuu isÿùfï§ fudjqkaa fofokdg tlaajru ;ukaa oywg jk ishjfiaa§ meßiaa kqjr weúÈñkaa isák njlaa yeÕS f.diaa ;sfí' ;ukaa tl,g wh;aa we÷ïj,skaa ieriS isá nj muKlaa fkdj udß wekaagkÜ /ðko ;ukaag ±l .ekSug ,enqKq nj miqj Tjqkaa lshd isáfhdaah'

Wmqgd .ekSu ,laìu

Loading...

Post a Comment

Powered by Blogger.